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文章作者:admin 发布时间:2019-07-31 10:38

中国旅游业对国民经济综合贡献达11%,对社会就业综合贡献超过10.26%。  活动主办方相关负责人杨硕表示,创客大篷车是通过大篷车将创客空间引入学校,让学生能够近距离感受其间的新奇创意,激发他们的创新精神。ChinesePremierLiKeqiangarrivesintheAustraliancapitalofCanberraWednesdaynightforanofficialvisit.[Photo/Xinhua]"Iwastoldthatforitsnationalemblem,Australiapicksakangarooandanemu,twonativeAustralianspecies.Neitherofthetwolikesmovingbackwardbutonlyforward,symbolizingadynamiccountrythatalwaysmovesforwardinprogress,"thepremiersaidinthearticleentitled"WeWanttoWorkwithYouforProgressandPeace".Thepremiersaidthatthetwocountrieshavebuiltuptrustandmanageddifferencesinthespiritofequalityandmutualrespectsincetheestablishmentofdiplomaticties.ChinaandAustraliatiedtheknot45yearsagoin1972.LisaidtheChinesepeopleadmireAustraliansfortheirperseveranceandcouragetoforgeaheadastheAustraliannationalanthemsays"leteverystageinhistory’spageadvanceAustraliafair".Healsosaid"advance"isasharedkeywordinbothcountries’nationalanthemsandheisconfidentthatthetwopartnerswillcontinuetomoveforwardastheyhavechosenwhileworkingtogethertoaddressglobalinstabilitywithstability.

鉴于调研中发现的“各类扶持政策基本上依靠各级各部门网站进行发布,信息点较为分散”的情况,他建议,整合宣传渠道,加大宣传力度,完善补助模式,用好扶持资金。澳为自己的国家利益计,绝不会在中美之间选边站:一方面,澳美同盟是澳在二战后几十年来的立国根基所在,美国向澳大利亚提供的诸如安全保障之类的产品是不可替代的。小鸣单车CEO陈宇莹告诉记者,“电子围栏是手机和发射器的匹配,还有就是App和车锁的互动,因此车锁的设计也有所不同。

该项目的其他细节被美国政府限定为极小范围内部的信息。1998年,大尾象在香港理工大学和瑞士伯尔尼美术馆各举办了一次呈现工作组整体面貌和新作的展览。KwabenaBoahen,aprofessorofbioengineeringandofelectricalengineeringatStanfordUniversity,hasenvisionedanewgenerationofcomputerstobebrainlike,orneuromorphic,machinesthatarevastlymoreefficientthantheconventionaldigitalcomputers.Asconventionalcomputerchipsarenotuptothechallengesposedbynext-generationautonomousdronesandmedicalimplants,"wehavereachedthepointwhereweneedtodosomethingdifferent",saysBoahen,alsoamemberofStanfordBio-XandtheStanfordNeurosciencesInstitute."Ourlab"sthreedecadesofexperiencehasputusinapositionwherewecandosomethingdifferent,somethingcompetitive."Moore"slaw,anobservationmadebyIntelCorpco-founderGordonMoorein1965,hasheldupprettywellforfivedecades:Roughlyeverytwoyears,thenumberoftransistorsonecouldfitonachipdoubled,allwhilecostssteadilydeclined.However,transistorsandotherelectroniccomponentsaresosmalltheyarebeginningtobumpupagainstfundamentalphysicallimitsontheirsize.Andthereareneedsforcomputingtobeeverfaster,cheaperandmoreefficient.InthelatestissueofComputinginScienceandEngineering,Boahensaysthatthefutureisnow.Hesaysthatwhileothershavebuiltbrain-inspiredcomputers,hewasquotedinanewsreleasesayingthatheandhiscollaboratorshavedevelopedafive-pointprospectusforhowtobuildneuromorphiccomputersthatdirectlymimicinsiliconwhatthebraindoesinfleshandblood.Thefirsttwopointsoftheprospectusconcernneuronsthemselves,whichunlikecomputersoperateinamixofdigitalandanalogmodes.Intheirdigitalmode,neuronssenddiscrete,all-or-nothingsignalsintheformofelectricalspikes,akintotheonesandzeroesofdigitalcomputers.Buttheyprocessincomingsignalsbyaddingthemallupandfiringonlyonceathresholdisreached-moreakintoadialthanaswitch.ThatobservationledBoahentotryusingtransistorsinamixeddigital-analogmode.Doingso,itturnsout,makeschipsbothmoreenergyefficientandmorerobustwhenthecomponentsdofail,asabout4percentofthesmallesttransistorsareexpectedtodo.Fromthere,Boahenbuildsonneurons"hierarchicalorganization,distributedcomputationandfeedbackloopstocreateavisionofanevenmoreenergyefficient,powerfulandrobustneuromorphiccomputer.Overthelast30years,Boahen"slabhasimplementedmostofitsideasinphysicaldevices,includingNeurogrid,oneofthefirsttrulyneuromorphiccomputers.But,inanothertwoorthreeyears,Boahensays,heexpectshisteamwillhavedesignedandbuiltcomputersimplementingalloftheprospectus"fivepoints."It"scomplementary,"Boahensays,addingthat"it"snotgoingtoreplacecurrentcomputers".Butasmostpersonalcomputersoperatenowherenearthelimitsofconventionalchips,neuromorphiccomputerswouldbemostusefulinembeddedsystemsthathaveextremelytightenergyrequirements,suchasverylow-powerneuralimplantsoron-boardcomputersinautonomousdrones.

以高度文化自觉推动优秀传统文化传承发展光明日报社总编辑杜飞进《光明日报》是一张以思想文化为基本定位和显著特色的中央党报。张思娜认为,虽然催眠可以用来减肥、提升自信、减压甚至用于产妇分娩,但归根结底催眠只是心理治疗的一个工具。所以说结合起来才能够经过综合的反衍出不同的云种类。

辛格浩的代理律师表示,他否认一切指控。  中国在印度洋的活动尤其是在斯里兰卡,它是中国一带一路(经济)计划的一个焦点。记者梳理发现,各地规定均明确了免责申请的主要流程,免责与否的认定机构多是由问责部门来承担。

另外,帕米尔高原的青金石产在海拔5000米高的岩壁上,古代因条件所限,基本无法开采。”来自美国的中国留学生赵宁说,同行的张杨也有着同样看法。全国两会期间,政协委员邀请您下载登陆议库,完善政协委员提案,和政协委员共商您关注的大事。

  两次冲击不成的南京证券,并未放弃A股IPO。(编译/洪漫)ShanghairemainedthemostexpensivecityontheChinesemainlandforexpatriates,accordingtothelatestWorldwideCostofLivingSurveyreleasedonTuesday.Shanghai,China"sbusinesscenter,isnowranked16thoverall,downfrom11thlastyearandonparwiththecostoflivingintheNewZealandcitiesofAucklandandWellington.Thesurvey,conductedbytheEconomist"sIntelligentUnit,foundShenzhenandDalianwerethenextmostexpensiveChinesecitiestolive.BeijingandSuzhou,whichsawthebiggestdropamongtheeightChinesecitiesexamined,bothfell16placesto47thand69threspectively.Suzhou,GuangzhouandTianjin,tiedfor69thplace,makingthemthecheapestcitiesontheChinesemainland,accordingtothereport.Overall,Singaporeretainsitstitleastheworld"smostexpensivecityforafourthconsecutiveyear,followedbyHongKongandZurich.Thesurvey,whichcomparesthepriceofover150itemsin133citiesaroundtheworld,foundthatSingaporewas20percentmoreexpensivethanNewYorkand5percentpricierthanChina"sHongKong.JonCopestake,editorofthesurvey,saidthatSingaporereflectedaregionaltrend,withAsianhubsbecomingmanyoftheworld"smostexpensivecities.InadditiontoHongKong,Singaporewasjoinedinthetop10bytheJapanesecitiesofTokyoandOsakain4thand5thplacerespectively,andtheSouthKoreancapitalSeoulin6thplace.

其实,真正爱自己的女人,更懂得如何通过科学饮食、药物调理、合理运动和休息,让健康更加持久。新京报快讯(记者赵实)北京自3月18日开始实施楼市新政后,市住建委执法部门严查房地产中介市场,惩治问题房地产中介机构。联系电话:0351-7551616。

这种试图染指南海事务,意欲在南海挑起事端的行为非常错误。以三级医院为例,急诊70元,普通门诊50元,主任医师80元,知名专家100元。虽然联想近两年在手机产品线上的调整已有一些成效,但其为对摩托的收购付出了代价,过去一年联想手机业绩的下滑大多来自摩托罗拉方面。

最后,西红柿中含有胡萝卜素,鸡蛋中含有核黄素,两种营养物质相融合,可以起到明目的作用。KUALALUMPUR—China"se-commercegiantAlibabaonWednesdayannouncedaplantosetupane-commercehubinMalaysiaencompassinglogistics,cloud-computingande-financialservice.Thee-commercehubwillbepartofthecollaborationbetweenAlibabaandtheMalaysiangovernmentinthedevelopmentofaDigitalFreeTradeZone(DFTZ)inMalaysiainlinewiththeElectronicWorldTradePlatform(eWTP)promotedbyJackMa,Alibaba"sexecutivechairman.InlaunchingtheDFTZwithMalaysianPrimeMinisterNajibRazak,Masaidthefirstoversease-hubwouldbeaimedatempoweringsmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)aswellastheyoungergeneration.AmongthecooperationannouncedonWednesday,Alibaba"slogisticplatformCainiaoanditse-commercewebsiteLazadawillleadotherAlibaba"ssubsidiariesandaffiliatestodevelopmentofaregionale-commerceandlogisticshubneartheKualaLumpurInternationalAirport.AlibabaCloud,itscloudcomputingarm,willbuildacloudplatforminMalaysiatofosterthelocalSMEs,whileAntFinancialinkedanagreementwithMalaysia"sleadingbanksCIMBandMaybanktoexplorecollaborationopportunitiesine-paymentandfinancingservicesinMalaysia.  这意味着,四个月时间,众邦公司入股华润雪花滨州公司的10%股权价值由1800万元一跃升值为6300万元,增幅高达3.5倍。

  如果说有某个国家能让ApplePay取得巨大成功,这个国家肯定就是中国。记者梳理发现,各地规定均明确了免责申请的主要流程,免责与否的认定机构多是由问责部门来承担。刘洋暗地里曾经不止一次地扪心自问:“我真的在害同胞吗?”地震造成的福岛核泄漏事件,已经过去6年。

三是在宣传教育上,把优秀传统文化作为新闻媒体报道、文化阵地建设的重要内容,贯穿国民教育、滋养文艺创作、融入生产生活,形成良好的舆论导向和社会氛围。为进一步落实国务院有关改进政府行政审批工作要求,近期,民航局组织召开了规范和改进行政审批工作系列座谈会,总结了行政审批阶段性工作情况,并就做好下一步行政审批工作提出明确要求。“每年春天都是中国外交大戏揭开序幕的时候。

网友看到照片后纷纷围观并留言,称:“承包我森碟的美颜!”更有网友以森碟的口气造句,写道:“森爹:虽然田亮长得丑,但他也是我的爸爸啊!”今年,协会将把工作孵化园的工作列为重点,在省妇联的指导下,把这个展示社会组织作用的“大舞台”做好,帮助更多的女大学生和创业者提高创业就业能力,实现她们创业就业梦想。但不能完全靠谚语,因为自然天气情况是非常复杂的,可能有别的变化,产生晕这种天气现象也有很多种。

“这种模式既有利于学生扎扎实实地学好学科知识,也有利于他们更好地接受教育专业训练。但她表示,中方的有关立场非常清楚。他称,俄罗斯海军及苏联海军都是无人系统及武器的创新性制造者,包括世界上最先进的鱼雷。

(爆料者供图)  去年有游客在八达岭野生动物园猛兽区下车遭老虎咬死;今年初宁波动物园又有人翻越园墙命丧虎口。至截稿,记者未获得摩拜回应。无法在职业足球方面进一步发展的小球员,双方也会通过合作的教育机构安排出路,实现从小学到高中的教育通道,从根本上解决球员和家长的后顾之忧。

虽然日本方面尚未就此作出明确回应,但多位专家在接受本报记者采访时普遍认为,这则来自英国媒体的消息并非空穴来风。AnexpertexaminesthedeadwhaleataportinShanghaionMarch21,2017.[Photo/forChinaDaily]AwhalethatwasspottednearShanghaihadbeendeadformorethan10days,anditsleftpectoralfinwaspossiblycutbypeople,saidanexpertafterexaminingit.Thedeadanimalwasafinwhale,asecond-classnational-levelprotectedanimal,saidTangWenqiao,aprofessorfromShanghaiOceanUniversity,whocheckedthewhaleon-siteonTuesdaymorning.Thewhalemeasuredabout22metersandweighedabout20tons.Itsbodywaswellpreserved,exceptforitsmissingleftpectoralfin,andsomepartshadalreadydecayed.Tangsaidthatjudgingfromthewhale"swound,thefinwaspossiblycutbypeople,andthewhalediedmorethan10days.LuHaibing,ownerofafishingboat,saidhefirstsawthewhaleonMarch19,andtheleftfinwasalreadymissing.Fishermenreportedthesightingofthewhaletopoliceataround1:00pmonMarch20,andwereaskedtobringthewhalebacktoport.Policesaidtheauthoritieshaveaskedmarinebiologyexpertstoexaminethecauseofthedeath.Althoughthiswasthelargestwhale,thiswasnotthefirstsightingofawhalenearShanghai.In2002,asmallwhalewasfoundstrandedatDishuiLakearea.Butrescuersmanagedtohelpitreturntosea.In1970,awhalewasfounddeadnearLuchaoPort.Lastweek,aspermwhalebecamestrandedandlaterdiedinDayaBay,Guangdongprovince.Anautopsyshowedthatitwaspregnant,anda110-kilogrammalefetuswasfounddead."Itisthefirsttimeintheworldthatanunbornbabyhasbeenfoundinsideastrandedspermwhale,"saidTongShenhan,headoftheLandandMarineLifeResearchInstituteinXiamen,Fujianprovince,whoparticipatedintheautopsy.  不仅如此,该犯罪团伙对各种运营商业务、银行转账系统进行了深入研究。

  腰鼓队和舞龙队的表演一直持续到中午,随后人们一路敲锣打鼓走到村东头的玄武岩下。不动产登记部门依据标注信息,在不动产权证书附记栏中予以记载。“目前资本市场操作空间被抑制,大股东通过上市公司获得资金来源受限。

但目前仍无法获知这笔投资的具体情况,例如腾讯获得的股权,以及两家公司是否会在后续有更多合作。其中,海洋产业增加值43283亿元,海洋相关产业增加值27224亿元。2017-03-2010:26:10围绕中国手机动漫标准上升为国际标准,文化部也组织专家和企业开展了系列工作。

为缓解紧张局势,中方提出了同时推进实现半岛无核化与建立半岛和平机制的双轨并进思路以及双暂停倡议。  为确保自身支持版本能够闯关,国、民两党团都对立委祭出甲级动员令应战,要求准时到场。坦白说,谁知道呢?或许真的有人想身临其境地体验一下有人切你舌头的可怕感觉,《生化危机7》已经很接近这种体验了。

我们不仅要关心暴雨,我们还要关心到暴雨的形成机理,所以说云实际上和我们的生活是密切相关的,什么样的云我们都需要研究。  ■追问  电信、联通利润为何下滑?  分析称两大运营商净利润下滑主要因为面临提速降费、铁塔建设和租赁费用增加等问题。2016年7月,青岛市医务工会组建了由中医药相关专业专家组成的随访团队,按照所在地域、单位、专业成立了5个随访组,以拍摄视频的方式,分别对各个项目及申报人进行跟踪随访,在诊疗过程及疗效评估等方面收集了大量的第一手资料。

今天我发布两个方面的内容。在国家几无改革的情况下,处罚总统成了社会宣泄情绪的一个渠道。RidersscanofobikesinXi"an,Shaanxiprovince.Thebike-hirestartupisexperimentingwithadepositwaiversystemforusersinShanghaiandmayextendtheservicetoothercitiesinthecountry.[Photo/ChinaDaily]INWHATISBELIEVEDTOBEthecountry"sfirstcourtcaseagainstacompanyofferingashared-bicycleservice,a31-year-oldBeijingcitizenissuingOfo,oneofthecountry"sleadingbike-sharingcompanies,asheclaimsthathewasinjuredduetoafaultybikeherentedtwomonthsago,GuangzhouDailycommentedonTuesday:TheplaintiffclaimsthatOfoisresponsibleforinsufficientmaintenance,asheallegesthebrakesonthebikehehiredwerefaulty.Heisclaiming20,000yuan($2,900)ascompensationtocoverhismedicaltreatment,mentaldistressandtransportationcosts.Heisnotthefirstridertosolicitcompensationfrombike-sharingoperatorsinthecountryonthegroundsthatthebikestheyusedwerenotwellmaintained.Albeitmostclaimants"requestswereansweredandproperlydealtwithbythecompaniesconcerned,aroutineapproachtosituationslikethisisstillmissing.Accidentsinvolvingsharingbikes,whichhavebecomeverypopularinlessthanayear,willinevitablyincreaseasmorepeopleusethem.Thatwarrantsatailoredaccountabilitymechanismwhenitcomestotherespectiveresponsibilitiesofbothusersandthebike-sharingserviceproviders.Thebusinessmodelofstation-lessbikesisdesignedtohelpurbancommuterstravelthe"lastmile"moreefficiently.Toprotectusers"legalinterests,ensuringtheirbikesareinsatisfactoryconditionistheleastthebikeproviderscando.Admittedly,bigplayerssuchasMobikeandOfoarecoveredbyinsuranceandtheypledgetocompensateridersforanyinjuriesincurredwhileusingthebikes.Compensationisalsoavailableforpeopleinjuredbythoseusingthebikes.Sucheffortsarepraiseworthy,butnotenough.Theyshouldbeinstitutionalizedandstreamlinedinthewayinsuranceiscompulsoryforallvehicles.Bike-sharingserviceproviders,too,needlegalprotectionbecausetheyareatriskofbeingblackmailedbyunscrupuloususerswillingtogotogreatlengthstobecompensated.

如果说这次节目播出之后有什么是真正出乎我的意料的话,那就是新媒体的热度和年轻受众的喜爱。中国网总编辑王晓辉向中国贸促会副会长、2019北京世园会政府总代表王锦珍介绍中国网情况。这也是数字创意重要的领域。

”  业内人士指出,A00级微型纯电动车的突出表现是与A级车销量下滑不无关系的。将零件用螺丝拧紧,安装好滑轮、电线等配套施设,为机器人编辑程序……她与队友李美杉正在制作一款可以自动清洁灯管的机器人。中铁一局集团有限公司官网显示,该公司是中国中铁股份有限公司的全资子公司,前身为铁道部第一工程局,1950年5月始建于甘肃天水,1970年由乌鲁木齐迁至西安,2000年改制为中铁一局集团有限公司。

要了解这一行为背后的情感,得从2012年说起。这也让三四线房市成为投资的热点。民法典编纂终于能够迈出坚实有力的一步,得益于以习近平同志为核心的党中央的坚强领导。

沾着放射性物质的气溶胶颗粒就像烟雾一样迅速在空气中扩散。  空气呼吸器一响,心里有点害怕,但当我听到小狗的哀叫,那种对生的渴望,你都不忍心把它们放火场里不管。DORTMUND,Germany-WorldchampionGermanyhostsEnglandinaprestigiousfriendlyhereonWednesday,withbothcoachesprimedtointroducesomebrightyoungprospectstooneofsoccer"sgreatrivalries.ButthatiswherethesimilaritiesendforJoachimLoewandGarethSouthgate,whoishelmingEnglandforthefirsttimeaspermanentmanager.SouthgatetakesoverwithEnglandatitslowestebbinrecentmemoryandwithdomesticexpectationsrock-bottom.Loew,whohasbeenatthehelmsince2006,needsonlytofine-tuneGermanyfordefenseofitscrownatnextyear"sWorldCupinRussia.LoewissettogiveadebuttomercurialforwardTimoWerner,21,whilegoalkeeperandcaptainManuelNeuerhasbeenruledoutwithacalfinjury.GermanyisalsowithouttheDortmundduoofwingerMarcoReusandattackingmidfielderMarioGoetze,theformerwithahamstringinjurywhileGoetzeisrecoveringfromametabolismdisorder.ThereisalsonoplaceforBayernMunich"sJeromeBoateng,thecentraldefenderwhoisregainingfitnessaftershouldersurgery.GermanyandEnglandhavewildlycontrastingrecordsatrecentmajortournaments,includingEuro2016,whereupstartIcelandhumiliatedEnglandwhiletheGermansmadethesemifinals.Still,Germanyischasingitsfirsthomewinsince1987overitsoldrivalandneedsnoremindingofthe5-1maulingittookinMunichin2001,whenMichaelOwensnipedahat-trick.ButSouthgate"ssquadisparticularlylightintheforwarddepartment,missingtheinjuredHarryKaneandDanielSturridgeanddroppingskipperWayneRooney.ThemanagerisdebutingJamesWard-Prowse,captainofEngland"sunder-21team,alongwith23-year-oldSouthamptonteammateNathanRedmond.SouthgatealsorecalledstrikerJermainDefoe,returningtothesquadat34.Defoeisanexception,asbothSouthgateandLoewwilltesttheiryounggunsbeforeWorldCupqualifiersonSunday,whenGermanyplaysAzerbaijaninBakuandEnglandhostsLithuania.DisappointedBothcountrieslooklikelockstoreachRussia,butEnglandhasconsistentlydisappointedwhenresultsreallymatter."Ifwewanttoreachourambitionsandgoalswehavetoplaytheseteamsandbeatthem,"Ward-ProwsesaidonMonday.ThiswillbeSouthgate"sfifthgameinchargeofEngland,buthisfirstsincebeingnamedpermanentmanagerinNovember.The46-year-oldoversawwinsoverMaltaandScotland,plusdrawswithSloveniaandSpain,ascaretakercoachfollowingSamAllardyce"sdepartureafterjustonegameduetoanewspapersting.Aformerdefender/midfielderforEngland,Southgateislookingtoaltertheteam"smindset."Iwasonateamthatmadeasemifinal(Euro96),andthathashappenedoncesince1990andtwicesince1966,"hesaid."That"smyjob,toanalyzewhathasn"tbeenrightandthenshowtheladsapathway."Ithinkweneedtobeprettybrutalaboutthewaywelookatit.I"mnotromanticaboutit.I"mjustfocusedonhowwewin."DannyRose(kneeligaments),JordanHenderson(bruisedfoot),MichailAntonio(hamstring),Kane(ankle)andSturridge(hip)aresidelinedwithinjuries.WhenEnglandandGermanylastmet,ayearago,Germanyracedintoa2-0leadongoalsbyToniKroosandMarioGomez.Kane,JamieVardyandEricDierthenscoredtosealEngland"scomeback.ThefriendlywillseeforwardLukasPodolski,whoretiredfrominternationalsoccerlastyear,makehis130thandfinalappearanceforGermany."FromanemotionalpointofviewWednesday"sgameisachancetosaygoodbyetoLukas,"saidstrikerThomasMueller."We"replayingathomeandit"llbesomethingveryspecialforhim."AgenceFrance-Presse

“我们曾经针对业内人士做过不少的咨询和访谈,业内普遍还是期望管理部门能采取一些相应的措施。近日,农业部发布《2017年农产品质量安全专项整治方案》,今年将重点开展农药、“瘦肉精”、生鲜乳、兽用抗生素、生猪屠宰、“三鱼两药”、农资打假等7个专项整治行动。而在应用虚拟现实技术时,斯皮尔伯格自然不会落于人后,虽然还不清楚他是否会在电影中应用相关技术,但据称他目前正在拍摄一部和虚拟现实有关的电影。

【专家解读】吕忠梅:人与自然和谐相处,是人类社会进入21世纪后日益面临的重大课题,把“节约资源,保护生态环境”这一绿色原则作为民法的基本原则,是一大创新,具有鲜明的21世纪的时代特征。智享单车方面称,车辆的运营维护本来就是企业成本的一部分,只是共享单车从去年才开始出现,之前线下运维的需求没有彻底暴露出来。总体上,近两年海洋生产总值增速虽然逐渐放缓,但仍略高于同期GDP增速。

“十三五”时期,要坚持保护为主、保用结合,坚持创造性转化和创新性发展,找准历史和现实的结合点,深入挖掘文物资源所蕴含的价值理念、道德规范、治国智慧。  这些飞机是农用植保无人机,日常用于为农作物施肥及喷洒农药。AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycan’tfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanization’sreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployees’rights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkers’innovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidents’basicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereform’sachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyu’sre-writefromCaiFang’sopinionarticlepublishedonPeople’sDaily.

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